土方回填施工4大技巧

更新时间:2019-12-23 22:40:03 来源: 作者: 浏览10次 文字大小:

一、回填土施工方法

2020欧洲杯直播时间YINSHIGONGCHANGDI、SHIGONGJIXIE、TESHUSHIGONGJISHUYAOQIUDENGYUANYIN,YIBANCAIQURENGONGHANGSHIFANGFAHUOJIXIEYASHIFANGFA。

1、RENGONGHANGSHIFANGFA

(1)JIXIEYASHIBUDAOZHICHUHEXIAOMIANJIHUITIANTUCAIQURENGONGHANGSHIBANFA。

2020欧洲杯直播时间(2)CAIYONGWASHIDAHANGJIDENGXIAOXINGJIJUHANGSHISHI,YIBANTIANTUHOUDUBUYIDAYU25cm,MEICENGYASHIBIANSHU3~4BIAN,DAHANGZHIQIANDUITIANTUCHUBUPINGZHENG,DAHANGJIYICIHANGDA,JUNYUNFENBU,BULIUJIANXI。

(3)ZAIDAHANGJIGONGZUOBUDAODEDIFANGYONGRENLIDAHANG,XUPUHOUDUBUDAYU20cm,RENLIDAHANGQIANYINGJIANGTIANTUCHUBUZHENGPING,DAHANGYAOANYIDINGFANGXIANGJINXING,YIHANGYABANHANG,HANGHANGXIANGLIAN,XINGXINGXIANGLIAN,LIANGBIANZONGHENGJIAOCUO,FENCENGHANGDA。HANGSHIJICAOJIDIPINGSHI,XINGHANGLUXIANYINGYOUSIBIANKAISHI,RANHOUHANGXIANGZHONGJIAN。

(4)HUITIANGUANGOUSHI,YINGYONGRENGONGXIANZAIGUANZIZHOUWEITIANTUHANGSHI,BINGCONGGUANDAOLIANGBIANTONGSHIJINXING,ZHIZHIGUANDING0.5mYISHANG。ZAIBUSUNHUAIGUANDAODEQINGKUANGXIA,FANGKECAIYONGJIXIEHUITIANHANGSHI。

2、JIXIEYASHIFANGFA

(1)WEIBAOZHENGTIANTUYASHIDEJUNYUNXINGJIMISHIDU,BIMIANNIANLUNXIAXIAN,TIGAONIANYAXIAOLV,ZAINIANYAJIXIENIANYAZHIQIAN,YIXIANYONGQINGXINGTUITUJITUIPING,DISUYUYA4BIAN~5BIAN,SHIPINGMIANPINGSHI;CAIYONGZHENDONGPINGNIANYASHISUISHITU,YINGXIANJINGYA,ERHOUZHENYA。

2020欧洲杯直播时间(2)NIANYAJIXIEYASHITIANFANGSHI,YINGKONGZHIXINGSHISUDU,YIBANPINGNIANHEZHENDONGNIANBUCHAOGUO2km/h,BINGYAOKONGZHIYASHIBIANSHU。YASHIJIXIEYUJICHUGUANDAOYINGBAOCHIYIDINGDEJULI,FANGZHIJIANGJICHU、GUANDAOYAHUAIHUOSHIZHIWEIYI。

2020欧洲杯直播时间(3)YONGPINGNIANYALUJIJINXINGTIANFANGYASHI,YINGCAIYONG“BOTIAN、MANSHI、DUOCI”DEFANGFA,TIANTU(SUTU、HUITU、SUISHITU)HOUDUJUNBUYINGCHAOGUO25~30cm,MEICENGYASHIBIANSHU6BIAN~8BIAN,NIANYAFANGXIANGYINGCONGLIANGBIANZHUJIANYAXIANGZHONGJIAN,NIANLUNMEICIZHONGDIEKUANDUYUE15cm~25cm,BIMIANLOUYA。YUNXINGZHONGNIANLUNBIANJUTIANFANGBIANYUANYINGDAYU500mm,YIFANGFASHENGLIUPODAOJIAO。BIANJIAO、BIANPOBIANYUANYASHIBUDAOZHICHU,YINGPUYIRENLIHANGSHIHUOXIAOXINGHANGSHIJIJUPEIHEHANGSHI。YASHIMISHIDUCHULINGYOUGUIDINGWAI,YIBANYINGYAZHILUNZIXIACHENLIANGBUCHAOGUO1cm~2cmWEIDU。

2020欧洲杯直播时间(4)PINGNIANNIANYAYICENGWANHOU,YINGYONGRENGONGHUOTUITUJIJIANGBIAOMIANLAMAO,TUCENGBIAOMIANTAIGANSHI,YINGSASHUISHIRUNHOUJIXUHUITIAN,YIBAOZHENGSHANG、XIACENGJIEHELIANGHAO。


二、填土压实方法

2020欧洲杯直播时间DALIANGSHIYANHEGONGCHENGSHIJIANZHENGMING:TUJIYASHIHOU,LUJIDESUXINGBIANXING、SHENTOUXISHU、MAOXISHUIZUOYONGJIGEWENXINGNENGJUNYOUMINGXIANGAISHAN。TIANTUYASHIFANGFAYOU:NIANYAFA、HANGSHIFAJIZHENDONGNIANYAFA。

1、NIANYAFA

NIANYAFASHILIYONGJIXIEGUNLUNDEYALIYASHITURANG,SHIZHIDADAOSUOXUDEMISHIDU。NIANYAJIXIEYOUPINGNIANJIYANGZUNIANDENG。PINGNIAN(GUANGNIANYALUJI)SHIYIZHONGYINEIRANJIWEIDONGLIDEZIXINGSHIYALUJI,ZHONGLIANG 6~15t。YANGZUNIANDANWEIMIANJIDEYALIBIJIAODA,TURANGYASHIDEXIAOGUOHAO。YANGZUNIANYIBANYONGYUNIANYAZHANXINGTU,BUSHIYUSHAXINGTU,YINZAISHATUZHONGNIANYASHI,TUDEKELISHOUDAOYANGZUJIAODADEDANWEIYALIHOUHUIXIANGSIMIANYIDONGERSHITUDEJIEGOUPOHUAI。SONGTUNIANYAYIXIANYONGQINGNIANYASHI,ZAIYONGZHONGNIANYASHI,XIAOGUOJIAOHAO。NIANYAJIXIEYASHITIANFANGSHI,XINGSHISUDUBUYIGUOKUAI,YIBANPINGNIANBUYINGCHAOGUO 2kmPh;YANGZUNIANBUYINGCHAOGUO3kmPh。

2、HANGSHIFA

2020欧洲杯直播时间HANGSHIFASHILIYONGHANGCHUIZIYOUXIALUODECHONGJILILAIHANGSHITURANG,SHITUTIZHONGKONGXIBEIYASUO,TULIPAILIEDEGENGJIAJINMI。HANGJISHIZHONGCHURENGONGSHIYONGDESHIHANG、MUHANGWAI,JIDONGSHEBEIZHONGYOUHANGCHUI、HANGBAN、FENGDONGHANGJIWASHIHANGDENG。HANGSHIFASHIYONGYUZHANXINGTU、SHIXIANXINGHUANGTU、SUISHILEITIANTUDIJIDESHENCENGJIAGU。

3、ZHENDONGYASHIFA

ZHENDONGYASHIFASHIJIANGZHENDONGYASHIJIFANGZAITUCENGBIAOMIAN,ZAIYASHIZHENDONGZUOYONGXIA,TUKELIFASHENGXIANGDUIWEIYI,ERDADAOJINMIZHUANGTAI。ZAIZHENGCHANGTIAOJIANXIA,DUIYUSHAXINGTUDEYASHIXIAOGUO,ZHENDONGSHIXIAOGUOJIAOHAO。


三、影响填土压实的因素

2020欧洲杯直播时间TIANTUYASHIZHILIANGYUXUDUOYINSUYOUGUAN,QIZHONGZHUYAOYINGXIANGYINSUWEI:YASHIGONG、TUDEHANSHUILIANGYIJIMEICENGPUTUHOUDU。

1、YASHIGONGDEYINGXIANG

YASHIGONGNENG(ZHIYASHIGONGJUDEZHONGLIANG、NIANYACISHUHUOCHUILUOGAODU、ZUOYONGSHIJIANDENG)DUIYASHIXIAOGUODEYINGXIANG。TIANTUYASHIHOUDEGANMIDUYUYASHIJIXIEZAIQISHANGSHIJIADEGONGYOUYIDINGGUANXI。ZAIKAISHIYASHISHI,TUDEGANMIDUJIJUZENGJIA,DAIDAOJIEJINTUDEZUIDAGANMIDUSHI,YASHIGONGSUIRANZENGJIAXUDUO,ERTUDEGANMIDUJIHUMEIYOUBIANHUA。YINCI,ZAISHIJISHIGONGZHONG,BUYAOMANGMUGUODUODIZENGJIAYASHIBIANSHU。

2、HANSHUILIANGDEYINGXIANG

ZAITONGYIYASHIGONGTIAOJIANXIA,TIANTUDEHANSHUILIANGDUIYASHIZHILIANGYOUZHIJIEYINGXIANG。JIAOWEIGANZAODETU,YOUYUTUKELIZHIJIANDEMOZULIJIAODA,YINERBUYIYASHI。DANGTUJUYOUSHIDANGHANSHUILIANGSHI,SHUIQIDAOLERUNHUAZUOYONG,TUKELIJIANDEMOZULIJIANXIAO,CONGERYIYASHI。XIANGBIZHIXIA,YANGEKONGZHIZUIJIAHANSHUILIANG,YAOBIZENGJIAYASHIGONGNENGSHOUHUODADEDUO。DANGHANSHUILIANGBUZU,SASHUIKUNNANSHI,SHIDANGZENGDAYASHIGONGNENG,KEYISHOUXIAO,RUGUOTUDEHANSHUILIANGGUODA,CISHIRUGUOZENGDAYASHIGONGNENG,BIJIANGCHUXIAN/DANHUANGXIANXIANG,YASHIXIAOGUOHENCHA,ZAOCHENGFANGONGLANGFEI。SUOYI,TUJIYASHISHIGONGZHONG,KONGZHIZUIJIAHANSHUILIANG,SHISHOUYAOGUANJIAN。GEZHONGTUDEZUIJIAHANSHUILIANGHESUOHUODEDEZUIDAGANMIDU,KEYOUJISHISHIYANQUDE。

3、PUTUHOUDUDEYINGXIANG

TUZAIYASHIGONGDEZUOYONGXIA,YAYINGLISUISHENDUZENGJIAZHUJIANJIANXIAO,QIYINGXIANGSHENDUYUYASHIJIXIE、TUDEXINGZHIHEHANSHUILIANGYOUGUAN。PUTUHOUDUYINGXIAOYUYASHIJIXIEYATUSHIDEZUOYONGSHENDU,DANQIZHONGHAIYOUZUIYOUTUCENGHOUDUWENTI,PUDEGUOHOU,YAOYADUOBIANCAINENGDADAOGUIDINGDEMISHIDU。PUDEGUOBO,ZEYEYAOZENGJIAJIXIEDEZONGYASHIBIANSHU。QIADANGDEPUTUHOUDUNENGSHITUFANGYASHIERJIXIEDEGONGHAOFEIZUISHAO。

SHIJIANJINGYANZHENGMING:TUJIYASHISHI,ZAIJIJULEIXING、TUCENGHOUDUJIXINGCHENGBIANSHUYIXUANDINGDETIAOJIANXIA,YASHICAOZUOSHIYIXIANQINGHOUZHONG、XIANMANHOUKUAI、XIANBIANYUANHOUZHONGJIAN(CHAOGAOLUDUANDENGXUYAOSHI,ZEYIXIANDIHOUGAO)。YASHISHI,XIANGLINLIANGCIDELUNJIYINGZHONGDIELUNKUANDE1/3,BAOCHIYASHIJUNYUN,BULOUYA,DUIYUYABUDAODEBIANJIAO,YINGPUYIRENLIHUOXIAOXINGJIJUHANGSHI。YASHIGUOCHENGZHONG,JINGCHANGJIANCHAHANSHUILIANGHEMISHIDU,YIDADAOFUHEGUIDINGYASHIDUDEYAOQIU。


四、常见问题的处理措施

1、CHANGDIJISHUI

YOUYUCHANGDIPINGZHENGMIANJIGUODA、TIANTUGUOSHEN、WEIFENCENGHANGSHI;CHANGDIZHOUWEIMEIYOUZUOPAISHUIGOU、JIESHUIGOUDENGPAISHUISHESHI,HUOZHEPAISHUISHESHISHEZHIBUHELI,PAISHUIPODUBUMANZUYAOQIU;CHANGDIZHOUWEIMEIYOUZUOPAISHUIGOU、JIESHUIGOUDENGPAISHUISHESHI,HUOZHEPAISHUISHESHISHEZHIBUHELI,PAISHUIPODUBUMANZUYAOQIUYIJICELIANGWUCHACHAOGUOGUIFANYAOQIUDENGYUANYIN,ERDAOZHICHANGDINEIZAIPINGZHENGYIHOUCHUXIANJUBUHUODAMIANJIJISHUI。

QIYUFANGCUOSHIWEI:

ZAISHIGONGQIANJIEHEDANGDISHUIWENDIZHIQINGKUANG,HELISHEZHICHANGDIPAISHUIPO(YAOQIUKENGNEIBUJISHUI、GOUNEIPAISHUI CHANGTONG)、PAISHUIGOUDENG SHESHI,BINGJINLIANGYUYONGJIUXINGPAISHUISHESHIXIANGJIEHE。RUGUOSHIGONGQIKUAYUQIDE,YAOZUOHAOYUQISHIGONGXIANCHANGPAISHUICUOSHI。CHANGDIHUITIANTUANGUIDINGFENCENGHUITIANHANGSHI,YAOSHITUDEXIANGDUIMISHIDUBUDIYU85%.

QIDUIYINGDEZHILIFANGFAWEI:

(1)MINGGOUPAISHUIFA;YANCHANGDIZHOUWEIKAIWAPAISHUIGOU,ZAIZAIGOUDISHEJISHUIJINGYUQIXIANGLIAN,YONGSHUIBENGZHIJIECHOUZOU(PAISHUIGOUHEJISHUIJINGYIBUZHIZAISHIGONGCHANGDIJICHUBIANJINGJU0.4mYIWAI,CHANGDIDESIJIAOHUOMEIGE20~40mYINGSHE1GEJISHUIJING);

(2)SHENGOUPAISHUIFA。RUGUOCHANGDIMIANJIDA、PAISHUILIANGDA,WEIJIANSHAODALIANGSHEZHIPAISHUIGOUDEFUZAXING,KEZAICHANGDIWAIJUJICHUBIAN6~30mKAIWA1TIAOPAISHUISHENGOU,SHICHANGDINEIDEJISHUITONGGUOSHENGOUZILIURUJISHUIJING,YONGSHUIBENGPAIDAOSHIGONGCHANGDIYIWAIGOUDAONEI。

2020欧洲杯直播时间(3)LIYONGGONGCHENGSHESHIZHOUWEIHUONEIBUDEZHENGSHISHENPAISHUIXITONGHUOXIASHUIDAO,JIANGQIZUOWEIPAISHUISHESHI,ZAICHANGDIYICEHUOLIANGCESHEPAISHUIMINGGOUHUOANGOU,BASHUILIUYINRUSHENPAISHUIXITONGHUOXIASHUIDAOPAIZOU,CIFAJIAOJINGJI。

2、TIANFANGTUCHUXIANXIANGPITU

2020欧洲杯直播时间YOUYUSHIYONGLEHANSHUILIANGBIJIAODADEFUZHITUYIJINITANTUHUOZHEZHANTU、YAZHANTUDENGYUANZHUANGTUTULIAOHUITIAN。DAHANGYIHOU,JITUFASHENGZHANDONG、SHOUYAQUSIZHOUGUQIXINGCHENGLONGQIZHUANGTAI(TUTITIJIWEIBIANHUA)、TUTIZHANGSHIJIANBUWENDING。

QIDUIYINGDEYUFANGCUOSHIWEI:

2020欧洲杯直播时间(1)XIANCHANGJIANBIE,YAOQIUHUITIANTULIAO“SHOUWOCHENGTUAN、LUODIKAIHUA”。

(2)HUITIANQIAN,BUYUNXUJIKENGNEIYOULAJI、SHUGENDENGZAWU,QINGCHUJIKENGNEIJISHUI、YUNI。

QIDUIYINGDEZHILIFANGFA:

(1)RUGUOTUFANGLIANGHENXIAO,WADIAOHUANTU,YONG2:8HUO3:7DEHUITU(YU、DONGQIBUYIYONGHUITU,BIMIANZAOCHENGHUITUSHUIPAO、DONGZHANGDENGSHIGU)、SHASHIJINXINGHUITIAN。

(2)RUGUOMIANJIDA,YONGGANTU、SHIHUI、SUIZHUANDENGXISHUICAILIAOTIANRUXIANGPITUNEI。

(3)RUGUOGONGQIBUJIN,BAXIANGPITUWACHULAI,LIANGSHAIHOUHUITIAN。

3、HUITIANTUMISHIDUDABUDAOSHEJIHEGUIFANYAOQIU

2020欧洲杯直播时间TIANTUDECHANGDIZAIHEZAIZUOYONGXIA,DIJIYINQIBIJIAODADEBIANXING,DIJIWENDINGXINGJIANGDI。

QIYUANYINBAOKUO:

(1)TULIAOHANSHUILIANGTAIXIAO,YINGXIANGLEHANGSHI(NIANYA)DEXIAOGUO,ZAOCHENGHANGSHI(NIANYA)BUMISHI;HANSHUILIANGTAIDA,ZEYIXINGCHENGXIANGPITU。

2020欧洲杯直播时间(2)TULIAOBUFUHESHEJIHUOSHIGONGGUIFANYAOQIU,YOUJIZHICHAOGUOGUIFANYAOQIU(DAYU5%)。

2020欧洲杯直播时间(3)TIANTUGUOHOU,WEIFENCENGHANGSHI。

(4)JIXIENENGLIBUGOU。

QIDUIYINGDEYUFANGCUOSHIYOU:

(1)XUANZEHUITIANDETULIAOJIQIXINGZHIBIXUFUHESHEJIYAOQIUKAOSHIBAYIJIJIANZAOSHI。

2020欧洲杯直播时间(2)TIANTUMISHIDUYINGGENJUGONGCHENGXINGZHIDEYAOQIUERDING,YASHIXISHUDENGYUTUDEKONGZHIGANMIDUCHUYITUDEZUIDAGANMIDU。

(3)SHEJIYOUYAOQIUSHI,YAOTONGGUOXIANCHANGTUGONGSHIYAN,BINGQIEYANGEJINXINGFENCENGHUITIANHANGSHI,JIAQIANGDUITULIAOHANSHUILIANGDEKONGZHI。

QIDUIYINGDEZHILIFANGFAWEI:

HUANTUHUITIAN;FANCHULIANGSHAI、FENGGANHOUHUITIAN;TIANRUXISHUICAILIAO;SHIDAJIMIZHUANG。

(1)XUANZEHUITIANDETULIAOJIQIXINGZHIBIXUFUHESHEJIYAOQIU。

(2)TIANTUMISHIDUYINGGENJUGONGCHENGXINGZHIDEYAOQIUERDING,YASHIXISHUDENGYUTUDEKONGZHIGANMIDUCHUYITUDEZUIDAGANMIDU。

2020欧洲杯直播时间(3)SHEJIYOUYAOQIUSHI,YAOTONGGUOXIANCHANGTUGONGSHIYAN,BINGQIEYANGEJINXINGFENCENGHUITIANHANGSHI,JIAQIANGDUITULIAOHANSHUILIANGDEKONGZHI。

QIDUIYINGDEZHILIFANGFAWEI:

2020欧洲杯直播时间HUANTUHUITIAN;FANCHULIANGSHAI、FENGGANHOUHUITIAN;TIANRUXISHUICAILIAO;SHIDAJIMIZHUANG。

来源丨广联达新干线


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